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Category Archives: Bank Guarantee

Number One Managed Bank Guarantee Financing Program

$350K Deposit to 30 Million Non Recourse in 45 to 90 Days OR $500K Deposit to 100 Million Non Recourse in 45 to 90 Days This program is an End to End Managed Bank Guarantee Funding and Monetization Program. The Program has two Options:

  • $350K Deposit in 30 Million Non Recourse in 45 to 90 Days, OR
  • $500K Deposit to 100 Million Non Recourse in 45 to 90 Days.
 

The program includes Total Deposit Protection with a very high profile Attorney Trust Account protected by a law firm that was founded by a Supreme Court Judge.

Either your Bank Guarantee is Issued or your Get your Deposit Returned, we make money closing deals NOT taking Deposits!

The level of transparency, access, protection and proof provided in this program is unique and is rarely offered in the Bank Guarantee industry. The entire End to End Proven Program includes BOTH Issuing a Bank Guarantee and Funding that Bank Guarantee. Everything has been prestructured, preapproved and prenegotiated so it is hassle and headache free with certain predetermed outcomes you can bank on. We provide total contract protection and agree to penalties up to 20 times your deposit!

Full Non Recourse Funding in the program means you do not have to repay a cent! The Bank Guarantee is Issued from AAA Rated Top 25 Bank and funded from a second AAA Rated Top 25 Bank. Client Deposits are paid to Attorney Trust Account where Trust Attorney and Barrister has No Criminal History, No Criminal Record, No Criminal Convictions and is the Legal Counsel for Governments and major Corporations. There is No Trading, No Leveraging, No Borrowing, No Currency Investing and we DO NOT require any Project Documentation. All we need to issue program agreements to clients are 3 Documents: CIS (Customer Information Sheet), NCND and Proof of Funds.

Please contact us for more information… 
 
 
Skype: loanandinvestments


Brokers are paid good commission on each successful transaction so if you want to work for our company as a broker, agent or mandate please contact us for more information.
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What is Bank Guarantee and How to monetize it?

Bank Guarantee (BG) is a concept in which a client may customarily ask a business owner or an entity to provide financial guarantee from a third party such as a bank or any other lending institution.

It ensures that in case a debtor fails to settle a debt, the bank covers the debt on behalf of the debtor. Or in other words, bank guarantee is an instrument to safeguard the interests of both the parties coming into a mutual commercial contract. Guarantee from a lending institution protects the client from any loss that might be incurred if the beneficiary defaults in a contract. On the other hand, it allows the beneficiary to expand business activities by securing a credit line on behalf of the bank guarantee.

To buy bank guarantee, all you need to do is to visit a bank or any recognized lender and ask them to stand as a guarantor on your behalf. Of course, you would be required to present your business contract and other details. The bank may also ask you to furnish other financial details of yours. There are numerous institutions working which enable clients to buy bank guarantees without much hassle.

Another pragmatic and utilitarian aspect of bank guarantee is bank guarantee monetization. Monetizing bank guarantee signifies raising finance or a credit line against it. If you have bank guarantee or a letter of credit, you might be able to monetize it. For bank guarantee monetization and to raise finance against it, it is paramount that the bank guarantee has been specifically formulated for the purpose of raising finance. Bank guarantees framed for other purposes cannot be generally monetized or financed.

Monetizing Bank Guarantee liquidates the bank guarantee and uses them as reinforcement for cash. Almost any bank guarantee all over the world can be used to fund a project. Bank guarantee can be leased or it can be owned unrestrictedly.

There are innumerable bank guarantee monetization programs available all over the globe. The most important feature of a supreme bank guarantee monetization program is that it is highly pre-structured and transparent. Bank guarantee monetization is a high-risk involved task and it is extremely crucial to get it done accurately. Otherwise it can lead to being tricked and losing all the money. It is advised to consult any bank guarantee or bank guarantee monetization expert before moving forward to buy any bank guarantee from any institution or bank.

LOAN AND INVESTMENTS LIMITED is the leading experts in the industry of buying, selling, monetizing, funding or discounting bank guarantees. LOAN AND INVESTMENTS LIMITED helps you stay away from such road blocks and get your Bank Guarantee issued and monetized consistently and seamlessly. For more details please contact us with below details…

BROKERS ARE WELCOME & ARE 100% PROTECTED!! If you want to be our broker or company representative please contact us via email for more information.

What is Project finance?

Project finance is the long-term financing of infrastructure and industrial projects based upon the projected cash flows of the project rather than the balance sheets of its sponsors. Usually, a project financing structure involves a number of equity investors, known as ‘sponsors’, as well as a ‘syndicate’ of banks or other lending institutions that provide loans to the operation. They are most commonly non-recourse loans, which are secured by the project assets and paid entirely from project cash flow, rather than from the general assets or creditworthiness of the project sponsors, a decision in part supported by financial modeling. The financing is typically secured by all of the project assets, including the revenue-producing contracts. Project lenders are given a lien on all of these assets and are able to assume control of a project if the project company has difficulties complying with the loan terms.

From investopedia : The financing of long-term infrastructure, industrial projects and public services based upon a non-recourse or limited recourse financial structure where project debt and equity used to finance the project are paid back from the cashflow generated by the project.


Generally, a special purpose entity is created for each project, thereby shielding other assets owned by a project sponsor from the detrimental effects of a project failure. As a special purpose entity, the project company has no assets other than the project. Capital contribution commitments by the owners of the project company are sometimes necessary to ensure that the project is financially sound or to assure the lenders of the sponsors’ commitment. Project finance is often more complicated than alternative financing methods. Traditionally, project financing has been most commonly used in the extractive (mining), transportation, telecommunications industries as well as sports and entertainment venues.

Risk identification and allocation is a key component of project finance. A project may be subject to a number of technical, environmental, economic and political risks, particularly in developing countries and emerging markets. Financial institutions and project sponsors may conclude that the risks inherent in project development and operation are unacceptable (unfinanceable). “Several long-term contracts such as construction, supply, off-take and concession agreements, along with a variety of joint-ownership structures are used to align incentives and deter opportunistic behaviour by any party involved in the project. The patterns of implementation are sometimes referred to as “project delivery methods.” The financing of these projects must be distributed among multiple parties, so as to distribute the risk associated with the project while simultaneously ensuring profits for each party involved.

A riskier or more expensive project may require limited recourse financing secured by a surety from sponsors. A complex project finance structure may incorporate corporate finance, securitization, options (derivatives), insurance provisions or other types of collateral enhancement to mitigate unallocated risk.

Project finance shares many characteristics with maritime finance and aircraft finance; however, the later two are more specialized fields within the area of asset finance.

History

Limited recourse lending was used to finance maritime voyages in ancient Greece and Rome. Its use in infrastructure projects dates to the development of the Panama Canal, and was widespread in the US oil and gas industry during the early 20th century. However, project finance for high-risk infrastructure schemes originated with the development of the North Sea oil fields in the 1970s and 1980s. Such projects were previously accomplished through utility or government bond issuances, or other traditional corporate finance structures.

Project financing in the developing world peaked around the time of the Asian financial crisis, but the subsequent downturn in industrializing countries was offset by growth in the OECD countries, causing worldwide project financing to peak around 2000. The need for project financing remains high throughout the world as more countries require increasing supplies of public utilities and infrastructure. In recent years, project finance schemes have become increasingly common in the Middle East, some incorporating Islamic finance.

The new project finance structures emerged primarily in response to the opportunity presented by long term power purchase contracts available from utilities and government entities. These long term revenue streams were required by rules implementing PURPA, the Policy resulted in further deregulation of electric generation and, significantly, international privatization following amendments to the Public Utilities Holding Company Act in 1994. The structure has evolved and forms the basis for energy and other projects throughout the world.

Parties to a project financing

There are several parties in a project financing depending on the type and the scale of a project. The most usual parties to a project financing are;

  1. Sponsor
  2. Lenders
  3. Financial Advisors
  4. Technical Advisors
  5. Legal Advisors
  6. Debt Financiers
  7. Equity Investors
  8. Regulatory Agencies
  9. Multilateral Agencies

Project development

 

Project development is the process of preparing a new project for commercial operations. The process can be divided into three distinct phases:

  • Pre-bid stage
  • Contract negotiation stage
  • Money-raising stage

Financial model

A financial model is constructed by the sponsor as a tool to conduct negotiations with the sponsor and prepare a project appraisal report. It is usually a computer spreadsheet designed to process a comprehensive list of input assumptions and to provide outputs that reflect the anticipated real life interaction between data and calculated values for a particular project.

Properly designed, the financial model is capable of sensitivity analysis, i.e. calculating new outputs based on a range of data variations.

Contractual framework

The typical project finance documentation can be reconducted to four main types:

  • Shareholder/sponsor documents
  • Project documents
  • Finance documents
  • Other project documents

Engineering, procurement and construction contract

The most common project finance construction contract is the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract. An EPC contract generally provides for the obligation of the contractor to build and deliver the project facilities on a turnkey basis, i.e., at a certain pre-determined fixed price, by a certain date, in accordance with certain specifications, and with certain performance warranties. The EPC contract is quite complicated in terms of legal issue, therefore the project company and the EPC contractor need sufficient experience and knowledge of the nature of project to avoid their faults and minimize the risks during contract execution.

An EPC contract differs from a turnkey contract in that, under a turnkey contract, all aspects of construction are included from design to engineering, procurement and construction whereas in the EPC contract the design aspect is not included. Alternative forms of construction contract are a project management approach and alliance contracting. Basic contents of an EPC contract are:

  • Description of the project
  • Price
  • Payment
  • Completion date
  • Completion guarantee and Liquidated Damages (LDs):
  • Performance guarantee and LDs
  • Cap under LDs

Operation and maintenance agreement

An operation and maintenance (O&M) agreement is an agreement between the project company and the operator. The project company delegates the operation, maintenance and often performance management of the project to a reputable operator with expertise in the industry under the terms of the O&M agreement. The operator could be one of the sponsors of the project company or third-party operator. In other cases the project company may carry out by itself the operation and maintenance of the project and may eventually arrange for the technical assistance of an experienced company under a technical assistance agreement. Basic contents of an O&M contract are:

  • Definition of the service
  • Operator responsibility
  • Provision regarding the services rendered
  • Liquidated damages
  • Fee provisions

Concession deed

An agreement between the project company and a public-sector entity (the contracting authority) is called a concession deed. The concession agreement concedes the use of a government asset (such as a plot of land or river crossing) to the project company for a specified period. A concession deed would be found in most projects which involve government such as in infrastructure projects. The concession agreement may be signed by a national/regional government, a municipality, or a special purpose entity set up by the state to grant the concession. Examples of concession agreements include contracts for the following:

  • A toll-road or tunnel for which the concession agreement giving a right to collect tolls/fares from the public or where payments are made by the contracting authority based on usage by the public.
  • A transportation system (e.g., a railway / metro) for which the public pays fares to a private company)
  • Utility projects where payments are made by a municipality or by end-users.
  • Ports and airports where payments are usually made by airlines or shipping companies.
  • Other public sector projects such as schools, hospitals, government buildings, where payments are made by the contracting authority.

Shareholders Agreement

The shareholders agreement (SHA) is an agreement between the project sponsors to form a special purpose company (SPC) in relation to the project development. This is the most basic of structures held by the sponsors in a project finance transaction. This is an agreement between the sponsors and deals with:

  • Injection of share capital
  • Voting requirements
  • Resolution of force one
  • Dividend policy
  • Management of the SPC
  • Disposal and pre-emption rights

Off-take agreement

An off-take agreement is an agreement between the project company and the offtaker (the party who is buying the product / service that the project produces / delivers). In a project financing the revenue is often contracted (rather than being sold on a merchant basis). The off-take agreement governs mechanism of price and volume which make up revenue. The intention of this agreement is to provide the project company with stable and sufficient revenue to pay its project debt obligation, cover the operating costs and provide certain required return to the sponsors.

The main off-take agreements are:

  • Take-or-pay contract: under this contract the off-taker – on an agreed price basis – is obligated to pay for product on a regular basis whether or not the off-taker actually takes the product.
  • Power purchase agreement: commonly used in power projects in emerging markets. The purchasing entity is usually a government entity.
  • Take-and-pay contract: the off-taker only pays for the product taken on an agreed price basis.
  • Long-term sales contract: the off-taker agrees to take agreed-upon quantities of the product from the project. The price is however paid based on market prices at the time of purchase or an agreed market index, subject to certain floor (minimum) price. Commonly used in mining, oil and gas, and petrochemical projects where the project company wants to ensure that its product can easily be sold in international markets, but off-takers not willing to take the price risk
  • Hedging contract: found in the commodity markets such as in an oilfield project.
  • Contract for Differences: the project company sells its product into the market and not to the off-taker or hedging counterpart. If however the market price is below an agreed level, the offtaker pays the difference to the project company, and vice versa if it is above an agreed level.
  • Throughput contract: a user of the pipeline agrees to use it to carry not less than a certain volume of product and to pay a minimum price for this.

Supply agreement

A supply agreement is between the project company and the supplier of the required feedstock / fuel.

If a project company has an off-take contract, the supply contract is usually structured to match the general terms of the off-take contract such as the length of the contract, force majeure provisions, etc. The volume of input supplies required by the project company is usually linked to the project’s output. Example under a PPA the power purchaser who does not require power can ask the project to shut down the power plant and continue to pay the capacity payment – in such case the project company needs to ensure its obligations to buy fuel can be reduced in parallel. The degree of commitment by the supplier can vary.

The main supply agreements are:

1. Fixed or variable supply: the supplier agrees to provide a fixed quantity of supplies to the project company on an agreed schedule, or a variable supply between an agreed maximum and minimum. The supply may be under a take-or-pay or take-and-pay.

2.Output / reserve dedication: the supplier dedicates the entire output from a specific source, e.g., a coal mine, its own plant. However the supplier may have no obligation to produce any output unless agreed otherwise. The supply can also be under a take-or-pay or take-and-pay

3.Interruptible supply: some supplies such as gas are offered on a lower-cost interruptible basis – often via a pipeline also supplying other users.

4.Tolling contract: the supplier has no commitment to supply at all, and may choose not to do so if the supplies can be used more profitably elsewhere. However the availability charge must be paid to the project company.

Loan agreement

A loan agreement is made between the project company (borrower) and the lenders. Loan agreement governs relationship between the lenders and the borrowers. It determines the basis on which the loan can be drawn and repaid, and contains the usual provisions found in a corporate loan agreement. It also contains the additional clauses to cover specific requirements of the project and project documents.

Basic terms of a loan agreement include the following provisions.

  • General conditions precedent
  • Conditions precedent to each drawdown
  • Availability period, during which the borrower is obliged to pay a commitment fee
  • Drawdown mechanics
  • An interest clause, charged at a margin over base rate
  • A repayment clause
  • Financial covenants – calculation of key project metrics / ratios and covenants
  • Dividend restrictions
  • Representations and warranties
  • The illegality clause

Intercreditor agreement

Intercreditor agreement is agreed between the main creditors of the project company. This is the agreement between the main creditors in connection with the project financing. The main creditors often enter into the Intercreditor Agreement to govern the common terms and relationships among the lenders in respect of the borrower’s obligations.

Intercreditor agreement will specify provisions including the following.

  • Common terms
  • Order of drawdown
  • Cashflow waterfall
  • Limitation on ability of creditors to vary their rights
  • Voting rights
  • Notification of defaults
  • Order of applying the proceeds of debt recovery
  • If there is a mezzanine funding component, the terms of subordination and other principles to apply as between the senior debt providers and the mezzanine debt providers.

Tripartite deed

The financiers will usually require that a direct relationship between itself and the counterparty to that contract be established which is achieved through the use of a tripartite deed (sometimes called a consent deed, direct agreement or side agreement). The tripartite deed sets out the circumstances in which the financiers may “step in” under the project contracts in order to remedy any default.

A tripartite deed would normally contain the following provision.

  • Acknowledgement of security: confirmation by the contractor or relevant party that it consents to the financier taking security over the relevant project contracts.
  • Notice of default: obligation on the relevant project counterparty to notify the lenders directly of defaults by the project company under the relevant contract.
  • Step-in rights and extended periods: to ensure that the lenders will have sufficient notice /period to enable it to remedy any breach by the borrower.
  • Receivership: acknowledgement by the relevant party regarding the appointment of a receiver by the lenders under the relevant contract and that the receiver may continue the borrower’s performance under the contract
  • Sale of asset: terms and conditions upon which the lenders may transfer the borrower’s entitlements under the relevant contract.

Tripartite deed can give rise to difficult issues for negotiation but is a critical document in project financing.

Common Terms Agreement

An agreement between the financing parties and the project company which sets out the terms that are common to all the financing instruments and the relationship between them (including definitions, conditions, order of drawdowns, project accounts, voting powers for waivers and amendments). A common terms agreement greatly clarifies and simplifies the multi-sourcing of finance for a project and ensures that the parties have a common understanding of key definitions and critical events.

Terms Sheet

Agreement between the borrower and the lender for the cost, provision and repayment of debt. The term sheet outlines the key terms and conditions of the financing. The term sheet provides the basis for the lead arrangers to complete the credit approval to underwrite the debt, usually by signing the agreed term sheet. Generally the final term sheet is attached to the mandate letter and is used by the lead arrangers to syndicate the debt. The commitment by the lenders is usually subject to further detailed due diligence and negotiation of project agreements and finance documents including the security documents. The next phase in the financing is the negotiation of finance documents and the term sheet will eventually be replaced by the definitive finance documents when the project reaches financial close.

Basic scheme

Hypothetical project finance scheme

For example, the Acme Coal Co. imports coal. Energen Inc. supplies energy to consumers. The two companies agree to build a power plant to accomplish their respective goals. Typically, the first step would be to sign a memorandum of understanding to set out the intentions of the two parties. This would be followed by an agreement to form a joint venture.

Acme Coal and Energen form an SPC (Special Purpose Corporation) called Power Holdings Inc. and divide the shares between them according to their contributions. Acme Coal, being more established, contributes more capital and takes 70% of the shares. Energen is a smaller company and takes the remaining 30%. The new company has no assets.

Power Holdings then signs a construction contract with Acme Construction to build a power plant. Acme Construction is an affiliate of Acme Coal and the only company with the know-how to construct a power plant in accordance with Acme’s delivery specification.

A power plant can cost hundreds of millions of dollars. To pay Acme Construction, Power Holdings receives financing from a development bank and a commercial bank. These banks provide a guarantee to Acme Construction’s financier that the company can pay for the completion of construction. Payment for construction is generally paid as such: 10% up front, 10% midway through construction, 10% shortly before completion, and 70% upon transfer of title to Power Holdings, which becomes the owner of the power plant.

Acme Coal and Energen form Power Manage Inc., another SPC, to manage the facility. The ultimate purpose of the two SPCs (Power Holding and Power Manage) is primarily to protect Acme Coal and Energen. If a disaster happens at the plant, prospective plaintiffs cannot sue Acme Coal or Energen and target their assets because neither company owns or operates the plant.

A Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA) between Power Manage and Acme Coal supplies raw materials to the power plant. Electricity is then delivered to Energen using a wholesale delivery contract. The cash flow of both Acme Coal and Energen from this transaction will be used to repay the financiers.

Complicating factors

The above is a simple explanation which does not cover the mining, shipping, and delivery contracts involved in importing the coal (which in itself could be more complex than the financing scheme), nor the contracts for delivering the power to consumers. In developing countries, it is not unusual for one or more government entities to be the primary consumers of the project, undertaking the “last mile distribution” to the consuming population. The relevant purchase agreements between the government agencies and the project may contain clauses guaranteeing a minimum offtake and thereby guarantee a certain level of revenues. In other sectors including road transportation, the government may toll the roads and collect the revenues, while providing a guaranteed annual sum (along with clearly specified upside and downside conditions) to the project. This serves to minimise or eliminate the risks associated with traffic demand for the project investors and the lenders.

Minority owners of a project may wish to use “off-balance-sheet” financing, in which they disclose their participation in the project as an investment, and excludes the debt from financial statements by disclosing it as a footnote related to the investment. In the United States, this eligibility is determined by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Many projects in developing countries must also be covered with war risk insurance, which covers acts of hostile attack, derelict mines and torpedoes, and civil unrest which are not generally included in “standard” insurance policies. Today, some altered policies that include terrorism are called Terrorism Insurance or Political Risk Insurance. In many cases, an outside insurer will issue a performance bond to guarantee timely completion of the project by the contractor.

Publicly funded projects may also use additional financing methods such as tax increment financing or Private Finance Initiative (PFI). Such projects are often governed by a Capital Improvement Plan which adds certain auditing capabilities and restrictions to the process.

Project financing in transitional and emerging market countries are particularly risky because of cross-border issues such as political, currency and legal system risks. Therefore, mostly requires active facilitation by the government.

If you need Loan, project funding, Bank Guarantee, SBLC, DLC or Letters of Credit please contact us immediately.
Skype: loanandinvestments
Brokers are paid good commission on each successful transaction so if you want to work for our company as a broker, agent or mandate please contact us for more information.

Financial Instruments for Lease and Sales.

Financial Instruments for Lease and Sales. We provide financial instruments basically for lease or sale. We adhere to a prompt and quick delivery of any financial instrument of your choice BANK GUARANTEE MT760, SBLC, MT760, MT103, upon your interest indication.

We have the below instruments for lease or for sale.

1) BANK GUARANTEE (BG) issued by UBS AG Switzerland with face value of 30 billion Euros.

2) STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT issued by INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL BANK OF CHINA with face value of SBLC 50 Billion USD.

3) STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT issued by BNP PARIBAS FRANCE, BARCLAY’S BANK  PLC, HSBC BANK PLC, DEUTSCHE AG  AND JP MORGAN CHASE BANK with face value of SBLC 40 Billion USD.

The above instruments are ready for outright lease out or outright sell off. So the leasing fee for any of the instrument is 3% and commission agents gets 2%

While for an outright purchase of any of the above instrument is from 43 % to 45 %  and the commission agents remains  2%

Therefore,the attorney has resolved to offer you 2% as agent commission for any client that purchases or leases from your side. So therefore,you should source for urgent and potential clients that will need financial instruments of the three (3) above categories i.e MT760 BG, MT760 SBLC and MT103 2ways..

Further information’s will be divulged upon your reply.

 
 
If you need Loan, project funding, Bank Guarantee, SBLC, DLC or Letters of Credit please contact us immediately. 
 
Skype: loanandinvestments


Brokers are paid good commission on each successful transaction so if you want to work for our company as a broker, agent or mandate please contact us for more information.

Property Investment Secrets from Professional Buyers

Photo credit: flickr.com - marco

Property investment has reaped great rewards for many over the years, both for those hoping for a quick return by selling on the property at a profit, and for those with longer term plans in the buy-to-let market. Before you decide to make the leap, make sure you’ve done all the necessary research and know exactly what you’re getting into. There are pitfalls as well as gains.

Know Your Market

You stand more chance of success, with less work, if you’re familiar with the area you plan to buy in.

For instance, if you make the mistake of buying a small studio flat in a remote part of town that’s favoured by affluent families, your pool of potential buyers or renters will be smaller because your target market is looking elsewhere. If you’re aiming to let to students, buy close to a college or university, and young, single professionals tend to favour town centre locations or those close to fast travel links. It may sound obvious, but it’s easy to get carried away with what looks like a bargain and forget the practical aspects of who is going to live there.

Pay Attention to Current Events

Akin to knowing your market, knowing what’s going on in the wider world and how those things might impact the property market in general can pay dividends. In some cases, world affair knowledge can almost provide you with a crystal ball in knowing what, and when, to buy.

For instance, by keeping an eye on the recent financial crisis in Greece, and balancing that against the strong pound and UK independence from the Euro, you may have been able to foresee the recent increase in demand from Greek nationals in the Prime London property sector. Those Greeks with money to spend, looking for a safer investment proposition than currently offered in their own country, took a keen interest in London property around the  £1 million mark.

Organise Your Finances

Before you even start looking at potential properties, get your finances in order. If you need to borrow money, investigate mortgage deals. Independent brokers will give impartial advice on the best mortgage deals currently available, and let you know about the latest developments amongst lenders. One trap not to fall into is to simply walk into your own bank and take the first deal they offer you. There are often far better, more specialised offers around that you’ll only uncover through a diligent search alongside expert advice.

Having got your finances in order, and an offer in principle on the table, you’ll be in a much stronger position to negotiate with sellers for the best price.

Get Buying Help

Because investing in property takes up a huge chunk of money, it pays to use every advantage available to cut down risks and secure great deals. Whether you’re looking for a place to live in personally or you want a property purely for investment, a professional property buyer can prove invaluable. It’s their job to scout out the latest deals and they often have a large network of estate agents, developers, or builders who keep them informed. They also have expert local knowledge, know what’s in the pipeline (such as major town development or renovation, for instance), and can guide you accordingly, preventing costly mistakes.

Property investment is scary and exciting in equal measure. Get it right and the rewards are huge. Take your time, check every step, and you’ll have a far greater chance of success.

Bank Guarantee Monetization and Funding

Bank Guarantee is a guarantee by a bank or any lending institution to a beneficiary that it will fulfill the liability of a third person in case the third person defaults or is unable to deliver the terms of contract. The lending institution becomes the co-signor with the third person or the debtor in the guarantee, unless stated otherwise.

There are two types of bank guarantees that exist generally namely:-

  1. Performance Bank Guarantee: – In this type of guarantee, a bank assumes monetary liability up to a specified amount in case of non-performance of a contract or obligation.
  1. Financial Bank Guarantee: – Bank issues guarantee in lieu of monetary consideration in this type of guarantee.

To buy bank guarantee from any bank, you need to present them with CIS (Customer Information Sheet), NCND and Proof of Funds along with your business contract and other details as and when demanded.

Bank Guarantee Monetization allows you to monetize your bank guarantee for following purposes:

  1. Bank Guarantees can be monetized for cash.
  1. They can be placed into various trade programs.
  1. You can monetize them in the composition of both immediate cash and trade programs.

Bank Guarantee monetization generally gives you returns between 60%-90% non-recourse. Bank Guarantee funding for owned bank guarantees can give you a return of 80% within 72 hours of the delivery of the Bank Guarantee. The returns might be low as 50% on leased bank guarantees.

While opting for a bank guarantee funding or monetization program, one should extremely assess the track record of the program and the risk involved in the process. Fraud rate is relatively higher from the past and one should choose only the most reliable and safe program such as LOAN AND INVESTMENTS LIMITED which has 100% successful transaction record till now. One should not fall for the cheap programs just to save some quick dollars. You might end up losing everything at the end.

LOAN AND INVESTMENTS LIMITED is the leading experts in the industry of buying, selling, monetizing, funding or discounting bank guarantees. LOAN AND INVESTMENTS LIMITED helps you stay away from such road blocks and get your Bank Guarantee issued and monetized consistently and seamlessly. For more details please contact us with below details…

BROKERS ARE WELCOME & ARE 100% PROTECTED!! If you want to be our broker or company representative please contact us via email for more information.

US de-lists hundreds from Iran sanctions

In accordance with its commitments under the JCPOA nuclear deal with Iran (see previous blog), the US has de-listed over 400 people and entities from its List of Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs).  As a consequence, non-US persons will no longer be subject to sanctions for conducting transactions with them, though US persons remain subject to a broad prohibition on transactions with Iran or its government, and a requirement that the assets of the Government of Iran and Iranian financial institutions continue to be frozen.  In addition, more than 200 people and entities are still listed as SDNs, and non-US persons are still prohibited from knowingly seeking to evade US restrictions on transactions and trade with Iran.

Switzerland implements additional EU and UN Iran de-listings

Switzerland has followed the EU, US, and UN in de-listing Bank Sepah from its sanctions against Iran (see previous blog), along with Naser Bateni and the company he manages Hanseatic Shipping Trust, whose EU listings were annulled in October 2015 (see previous blog), and 3 entities connected to Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines, also reflecting UN and EU modifications to their own sanctions.

The world’s richest 62 people now have more wealth than the poorest 3.6 billion combined

So much wealth has accumulated among the world’s richest that the 62 wealthiest people on the planet now own more than the poorest 3.6 billion people, or half the planet, according to research published by Oxfam, an anti-poverty charity.

That ratio has become a good deal more skewed recently. In 2010, it required the richest 388 people to make up the wealth of the bottom 50%. Since then, Oxfam says, the world’s richest 62 people have added 44% to their cash and assets, while the wealth of the bottom half has dropped by 41%.

“Far from trickling down, income and wealth are instead being sucked upwards at an alarming rate,” Oxfam said in the report, “An Economy For The 1%” (pdf). “Once there, an ever more elaborate system of tax havens and an industry of wealth managers ensure that it stays there, far from the reach of ordinary citizens and their governments.”

The charity released the report one day ahead of the start of the World Economic Forum at Davos, where some of the world’s richest and most powerful business leaders and government decision-makers will meet.

Oxfam argued that wealth inequality isn’t just a problem for those on the bottom but that it poses a threat to economic development for everyone. The number of people lifted out of absolute poverty over the past two decades has been encouraging, says the report, but had inequality not risen at the same time, as many as 200 million more people could have been lifted out of poverty over the same period. “That could have risen to 700 million had poor people benefited more than the rich from economic growth,” said the report.

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